The Asia LEDS Partnership, with significant contributions from Malaysia’s Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD), conducted a regional workshop June 24-25, 2014, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Over 65 representatives from China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam attended the workshop to quantify the environmental, social, and economic benefits from Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems.
Held at the SPAD Academy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the workshop was a direct response to demand for increased capacity in the region on sustainable transportation systems through the Asia LEDS Partnership. The event focused on sharing frameworks and tools to inform decision making on BRT systems in Asia, with an emphasis on quantifying the benefits that result from Asia-based BRT systems. The workshop specifically helped to address ongoing BRT development projects in cities across the region.
The participants, all actively involved in existing or planned BRT systems in Asia, left with improved understanding of tools and methods to quantify impacts, skills to apply these tools, and a stronger peer network to draw on in order to help address common BRT system design and implementation challenges.
In addition to SPAD, other technical partners included the LEDS Global Partnership Transport Working Group, World Resources Institute EMBARQ, Clean Air Asia, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), United Nations University – Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), and Institute for Global Environmental Studies (IGES).
BRT systems now serve more than 150 cities globally with nearly 4,400 km of dedicated corridors that have helped transform mobility in cities. Constructing BRT systems yields a stream of benefits including saving fuel, reducing travel time, increasing access to transportation services, reducing emissions, reducing the frequency of accidents, improving public health, and generally improving the liveability of cities.
However, many of these BRT system benefits are often not quantified due to barriers such as lack of knowledge, appropriate methodologies, and data. These barriers hinder decision making to develop BRT systems, with stakeholders not acknowledging the full impacts of the system. In recent years, tools and methodologies have emerged which now provide easy quantification of benefits, helping to better brand BRT systems and facilitate greater stakeholder support.
For more details please email Ms. Sandra Khananusit, Asia LEDS Partnership Secretariat, at: email@example.com.
Chairman, Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD)
After receiving his Barrister-at-Law degree from Middle Temple in London, Tan Sri Syed Hamid returned to Malaysia and joined the public service as a Magistrate and President of Sessions Court early in his career. He then moved into the area of international finance and banking, holding numerous executive posts, including Director and Chief Executive of Bumiputra Merchant Bankers and Chief General Manager of Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad. In 1986 he joined the law firm of Albar, Zulkifly & Yap as a partner, and in 1990 he was elected as a Member of Parliament and joined the Cabinet in the same year, as a Minister in the Prime Minister Department and also Minister of Law. In May 1995, he was appointed Minister of Defence. In 1999 he became Minister of Foreign Affairs until April 2008 and in May 2008 to April 2009 he was the Minister of Home Affairs. Tan Sri Dato' Seri Syed Hamid bin Syed Jaafar Albar was appointed Chairman of the Land Public Transport Commission on 3 June 2010 which directly reports to the Prime Minister.
Chief Executive Officer, Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD)
Encik Mohd Nur Ismal bin Mohamed Kamal is the Chief Executive Officer of Malaysia’s Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD). Established 3 years ago, SPAD is the statutory body responsible for planning, policies, regulatory oversight and enforcement of service standards in public transport. Encik Mohd Nur has served in the Ministry of Transport and preceding that, the Ministry of Higher Education and DRB-HICOM Berhad. Prior to joining DRB-HICOM, Mohd Nur worked at Accenture, AT Kearney’s Chicago and Southeast Asian practices and also with CNA Financial Corp. in Chicago. He graduated with a Business Administration Degree in Finance and Decision Sciences from the University of Denver in Colorado. He also has an MBA with distinction in Strategy, Finance and Marketing from the Kellogg Graduate School of Management in the USA. Mr Kamal is a Chartered Financial Consultant, a Chartered Life Underwriter, and a Fellow of Life Management Institute. He currently serves as Deputy President of the Intelligent Transport System Society of Malaysia and is an Adjunct Professor and a member of the Advisory Board at UiTM, a Malaysian university.
Chief Development Officer, Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD)
Azmi is currently the Chief Development Officer of Land Public Transport Commission, Malaysia. His key role is to manage the development of policy and planning of the nation's land public transport system. He is also responsible for the supervision of Malaysia’s first MRT project. Prior to this appointment, he was the Chief Operating Officer for Scomi Engineering Bhd. He had also served as the General Manager of Rail Operations for Rapid KL and Chief Operating Officer of KLRT, a subsidiary of Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad. Azmi brings with him a rich and exciting 25 years serving both the public and private sectors in the transport industry, especially rail.
Senior Manager, BRT Unit, Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD)
Azwa’s professional experience spans auditing, airport operations and programme management for the Malaysian Government’s Transformation Programme. Her main responsibility in SPAD is to oversee the implementation of BRT in Malaysia and she heads the BRT Unit under the Special Projects Division. Her current main project is managing the KL-Klang BRT implementation, which is key to transforming bus services in Greater Kuala Lumpur. Azwa is also responsible for the implementation of the Government Transformation Program for Urban Public Transportation. This is a programme to improve the public transportation system in Greater Kuala Lumpur and is under PEMANDU’s umbrella, a unit within the Malaysian Prime Minister’s Department.
Co-Chair of the Asia LEDS Partnership and Senior Regional Climate Change Advisor, USAID Regional Development Mission for Asia (USAID/RDMA)
Orestes is the Senior Regional Climate Change Advisor at USAID/RDMA in Bangkok, Thailand, where he leads the Mission’s Climate Change Mitigation portfolio and serves as a regional advisor on low emission development strategies (LEDS) to USAID offices across Asia. He also currently serves as one of two Co-Chairs of the Asia LEDS Partnership. While at USAID in Asia, Orestes has overseen regional programs dedicated to promoting dissemination and development of low carbon development strategic planning tools and practices, greenhouse gas inventories, corporate carbon accounting, carbon market development, energy efficient lighting, cleaner coal, and climate financing, including the startup of the Private Financing Advisory Network in Asia which mobilized $276 million in clean energy investments in six countries.
Regional Director, East & Southeast Asia-Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP)
Karl has worked on urban transport projects around Asia, focusing mainly on public transport and BRT but also on pedestrian and bicycle facility planning, and other areas of urban transport and urban development policy. Karl has worked full time with ITDP since 2003, and has been managing the ITDP-China office in Guangzhou since 2005. He is the Director of the Guangzhou Modern BRT and Sustainable Transport Institute, ITDP’s locally registered China office. Karl has worked in-depth in a number of Asian cities, including Guangzhou, Yichang, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Harbin, Jiuquan, Lanzhou, Surabaya, Jakarta, Ulaanbaatar, Wuhan, Bangkok, Dhaka, Tianjin, and others. In recent years Karl has been team leader for BRT planning and design projects in Vientiane, Johor Bahru, Yichang, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, Ulaanbaatar, Kuala Lumpur, Jiuquan, and a corridor reconstruction design in Jakarta. During 2005-2010 Karl was the lead international expert on the Guangzhou BRT planning, design and implementation and during 2009-2012 he played a similar role in Lanzhou and more recently in Yichang, where the BRT corridor is currently under construction. Karl is also the team leader for an ongoing ADB-funded project on non-motorized transport improvements in Vientiane, Medan, and Davao.
Strategy Head for Research and Practice, EMBARQ India
Anjali Mahendra provides thought leadership for new research efforts related to transport, urban development, and climate issues at EMBARQ India. She ensures that results from implemented projects, policies, and research worldwide are used to inform EMBARQ’s projects and capacity building efforts for greatest impact. She leads the development of guidance and best practice documents based on findings from work and the evaluation of economic, environmental, and public health impacts of EMBARQ’s projects. She is also a recognized expert in road pricing strategies and has published many articles, including a book on this topic. Dr. Mahendra holds Masters degrees in City Planning and Transportation, as well as a Ph.D. in transportation policy and regional economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Postdoctoral Fellow, United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies for Sustainability
Christopher Doll has a broad range of research interests focusing on urban areas. His initial research involved using spatially explicit datasets to understand regional scale urbanization and development. More recently, he has complemented this with city level work on biodiversity and developing tools to plan for global/local co-benefits across urban sectors (transport, waste and energy) and co-edited a Special Volume of the Journal of Cleaner Production on ‘Co-benefits in Urban Asia’. His work has been featured in major international assessments on energy and climate and is currently editing ‘Defining the Urban’ a forthcoming new book synthesing knowledge on urban issues across the academic disciplines and professional fields. He has previously held positions at Columbia University (CIESIN) in New York and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria as well as the JSPS Fellowship with UNU-IAS and the University of Tokyo.
Transportation Engineer, Vice Country Director for China, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP)
Since graduating with a Masters in Transportation Engineering, Shanshan initially worked on intelligent transportation system design, before joining ITDP in 2009. Since then her work has focused on bicycle sharing and BRT, though she also works on traffic and transportation planning and road design aspects of ITDP's projects. Her design and policy recommendations on bike sharing systems have been applied in several Chinese cities and she is now one of China's leading authorities on bike sharing. She regularly updates the www.publicbike.net website documenting bike sharing systems in China. Shanshan is also ITDP's manager for major BRT and related urban transportation work in Yichang and Wuhan, as well as the coordinator for ITDP-China's work in Johor Bahru and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Her project experience includes many Chinese cities as well as Jakarta, Johor Bahru, Vientiane and Kuala Lumpur.
Professor, Faculty of Planning, Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) University
Prof. Swamy, an economist and urban planner by training has over 30 years of experience in teaching, research and professional consultancy. He is leading multi-disciplinary teams in areas of urban transport planning, urban and regional planning, urban environment, land and housing. His strength is his strategic and programmatic skills. He is spearheading key urban projects including the Bus Rapid Transit Systems for Ahmedabad, Surat, Hubli-Dharwad, Bhuvaneswar and Vadodra; Integrated Mobility Plan for Ahmedabad, City Development Plans, toolkits, Service Level Benchmarking and transport policies. He is one of the principal resource persons on urban and transport issues for the State of Gujarat. He has led multi-disciplinary teams for projects supported by donors such as the World Bank, ADB, UNDP and State and Local Governments in India. He is member of the Technical Advisory Committee on Urban Transport, Ministry of Urban Development since 2006.
Transport Researcher, Clean Air Asia
Mark is responsible for various projects under the Low Emissions Urban Development Program of Clean Air Asia. He was a Vessel Efficiency Analyst with Maersk Global Services Center in the Philippines under the Energy Efficiency team, handling fuel efficiency and CO2 analysis for the shipping company’s global marine fleet. Aside from these, Mark has experience in Financial Market Research and Healthcare Operations Management from various companies. With a Science degree in Statistics, Mark is currently completing graduate studies in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of the Philippines.
Associate - Urban Transport, EMBARQ India
Binoy is Manager for Urban Transport at EMBARQ India. Binoy is primarily responsible for all of EMBARQ India’s road safety work, and he has led safe street design and road safety audit projects in cities such as Mumbai, New Delhi, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal and Surat. He is also responsible for road safety research work at EMBARQ India, including crash accident analysis and speed measurement studies. He is presently leading the publication of a Guidebook for Safe Bus Rapid Transit Design in the Indian context. Binoy has conducted sustainable transport and road safety capacity building workshops in cities such as Colombo (Sri Lanka), Mumbai, Chandigarh, Gangtok, and Gandhinagar, through which he has trained over 200 government officials and bureaucrats on best practices in road safety.
Assistant Secretary, Department of Transportation and Communications, Philippines
My stint in the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) officially started in July 1993 as the Project Manager of the Davao Fishing Port. A turning point in my career came in January 1995 when I was assigned as the Project Manager of the Mactan (Cebu) International Airport Development Project. Since then, I have been assigned to manage other foreign- assisted airport projects, namely: Davao International Airport Development Project and Laguindingan Airport Development Project. In October 2003, I was appointed Director III for Transportation Planning Service of DOTC until July 2010. At present, I hold the position of Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation. I am presently involved as Member of the Board of Trustees of the College of Engineering Foundation of the University of the Philippines. I am likewise the designated STOM Leader for the Philippines in ASEAN Senior Transport Officials Meeting.
Policy Researcher, Institute for Global Environment Studies (IGES)
Dr. Sudarmanto Budi Nugroho obtained his PhD degree from Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC), Hiroshima University in Japan on the Integrated Study on Urban Air Quality in Transportation System of Jakarta City. After serving as Assistant Professor for the Global Environmental Leader education program at the Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, he started working for IGES in Hayama Headquarter, Yokohama-Japan. He specializes in low-carbon transport studies and urban air pollution studies in developing cities. His current research topics includes developing MRV methodology of transport sector especially on BRT projects, Electric Vehicle replacement program for paratransit services and climate policies in transport sector in developing cities.
Tuesday, June 24, 2014
Welcome and overview of Urban Development Challenges in Asia: Orestes Anastasia, Co-Chair, Asia LEDS Partnership, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Regional Development Mission for Asia
Update on BRT Initiatives in Malaysia: Sharul Azwa Abdul Rani, SPAD
Overview of BRT Planning Process: Application in Asian Cities by Karl Fjellstrom, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
Overview of BRT Benefits: Anjali Mahendra, Strategy Head, Research and Practice, EMBARQ India
Peer Exchange: Christopher Doll, Research Fellow, United Nations University-Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS)
Economic, Social, and Land Use Impacts of BRT Systems, Panel: Cases on BRT Systems in Asian Cities
Landuse/Economic Impacts of BRT : Shivanand Swamy, Executive Director – Centre of Excellence in Urban Transport, Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) University: Case of Ahmedabad, India: A look at data on economic impacts, accessibility improvements, exposure to fine particles (PM2.5), land use, land value and built form changes.
Training : Cost Benefit Analysis: Shivanand Swamy, CEPT University
Environmental Impacts of BRT Systems
Overview on Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Analysis for Transport, Mark Tacderas, Transport Researcher, Clean Air Asia
Demonstration: Transport Emissions Evaluation Models for Projects (TEEMP) BRT Module, Mark Tacderas, Clean Air Asia
Wednesday, June 25, 2014
Environmental Impacts of BRT Systems (continued)
Hands-on Application: TEEMP BRT Module, Mark Tacderas, Transport Researcher, Clean Air Asia
Evaluating Emission Impacts of a Suite of Measures and Investments: TEEMP City, Mark Tacderas, Clean Air Asia
Health Impacts of BRT Systems
Overview on Health Impact Assessment, Anjali Mahendra, Strategy Head, Research and Practice, EMBARQ India
Training: Road Safety Audits, Binoy Mascarenhas, Manager – Urban Transport, EMBARQ India
Considerations for Successful Implementation of BRT
- Select Lessons Learned in Planning and Implenting BRT Systems by Ildefonso T. Patdu Jr., Assistant Secretary, Department of Transportation and Communications, Philippines
- Infrastucture and Operational design by Xiaomei Duan, Vice Chief Engineer, Guangzhou Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute
- Technical Consideration for Implementation of BRT by Sudarmanto Budi Nugroho, Researcher, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (web)
- Branding, Marketing and Communications : Case of ibus Indore BRT by Binoy Mascarenhas, EMBARQ India
Overview and Demonstration of Urban Benefits Assessment Tool: Governance Indicators for the Transport Sector, Christopher Doll, Research Fellow, UNU-IAS